*Tap the victim or call his name if known, to find out if he is conscious or not. 

*If he is unconscious, look at his chest and place your ear close to his heart to check if he is still breathing.

*If the above are negative, immediately shout for help

*Call the local emergency number, or immediately start arrangements to transfer the victim to the nearest health center. 

*Put the person on his back and kneel next to his neck and shoulders. 

*Place the heel of one hand over the center of the person’s chest, between the nipples. 

*Place your other hand on top of the first hand. 

*Keep your elbows straight and position your shoulders directly above your hands. 

*Use your upper body weight (not just your arms) as you push (compress) about 5cm deep. 

*Push hard at a rate of about 100 compressions a minute. 

*If you haven’t been trained in CPR, continue chest compressions until there are signs of movement or until a trained medical personnel takes over. 

*If you have been trained in CPR, go on to checking the airway and perform rescue breathing (kiss of life). 

*1 breath should be given for every 30 chest compressions. 

*In children, same procedure should be followed except that only one hand should be used for chest compression (only two fingers in babies) and 1 breath is given for every 15 chest compressions. This is to prevent rib fractures.


Author: Khadijah Sanni-Tijani

Khadijah is a young Nigerian woman, a muslim, a wife, a mum, a doctor and a blogger. She was born and raised in Ibadan, Nigeria. She is currently practising in Saudi Arabia.

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